For Livestock And Companion Animals
Our domestic animals are the forgotten victims of community emergencies.
Mike Hackett, Animal Scientist
WSU/Skagit County Cooperative Extension
Steps to Emergency Event Planning
- List the potential hazards in your neighborhood or on your farm, and in the community.
- Get familiar with the types of disasters that may happen...power failure,earthquake, flood, blizzard/arctic freeze, hazardous material spill, volcanic eruption.
- Make a plan of action. You may be isolated, on your own, for a week or more. Survey your property to find the best location to confine your animals for any type of emergency.
- If you must evacuate your home or farm, you need a place to go, and transportation. Plan several routes of escape. Leave early to beat roadblocks. When an order is given to evacuate, you need to leave ASAP.
- If you have a stock trailer, or pickup with livestock racks, keep them serviced and always keep the gas tank at least half-full. Train your animals to lead easily day or night, by you, other family members or even a stranger in case youve already evacuated.
- Which animals need to leave first? Determine the order of evacuation. If you need to leave any behind, how will they survive?
Your animals need to carry an I.D.!!
Identification methods for livestock and companion animals would be the following:
- Permanent identification includes: hot-or freeze-brand, tattoo, ear tag, microchip, license, collar ID tag, etc.
- Photographs (hard-copy or on your computer) of front, rear and both side views. A good idea is to include yourself with your animal(s) in these photos.
- Include breed, registration if appropriate, sex, markings, color, and age. Keep a copy of these records in a safe place. Remember that in many disasters, some pets and livestock evacuated or rescued quickly are not reunited with their owners due to lack of ability to prove ownership through identification.
- Temporary identification methods can be used in an imminent emergency such as spray paint, grease pencil, attaching info to a collar or halter to contact you. Permanent markers also work on hooves, horns and light-colored coats.
ABOVE ALL ELSE, INFORM YOUR FAMILY ABOUT YOUR EMERGENCY PLANS IN CASE YOU ARE NOT AT HOME WHEN IT HAPPENS! Do a dry run.
How to prepare an Emergency kit
Livestock owners it is very important to prepare an emergency kit for the barn and a smaller kit for the stock trailer. The following things should be part of it:
Emergency supply of feed, roughage, grain supplements, medications for at least 5-7 days, (two weeks is best).
Companion animal owners prepare a first aid kit and have an animal carrier on hand.
Stock up on your pets favorite foods. Clean water is a must. Plan for 5-7 days worth...two weeks is best.
Containers for food and water.
Both livestock and companion animal owners should do the following:
Check with your veterinarian about the following things:
- Dietary Charts for emergency feed and water for livestock.
- What medications/prescriptions should be ordered and ready for two weeks or more
- Any other supplies that may be needed.
Additional supplies listed on reverse side.
Other supplies for livestock and companion animals
- Control/restraint devices (leashes, halters, rope, cages/carriers, etc.)
- Blanket, leg wraps, shampoo, and brushes (to remove toxic substances).
- Animal first aid book/supplies.
- Portable radio, flashlight, extra batteries.
- Hammer, wire cutters, pliers, sharp knife.
- Tarps, shovel.
- Gloves, bandana, face mask.
- Records, records, records ..especially medical records. Current vaccinations, medications and dosages, special feeding instructions. Insurance information if any.
- Phone numbers, especially the family/farm veterinarian and the alternate vet, farrier, animal control, WSU Cooperative Extension, friends, and other family members.
- Additional items as you think of them.
Special Note: Consider leaving a signed and notarized medical release form with your family veterinarian.
Visit with neighbors and develop an emergency plan
- List the resources among you (arena, stalls, cages, pens, corrals, generator, trailers, tractors, veterinary/animal science experience.
- Set up a buddy system in case one of you is away if a disaster strikes.
- Review your plans at least yearly, and when you get a new farm animal or pet. Rotate/replace stored emergency feed and water every 3 months for freshness. Rotate/replace expired prescription and over-the-counter medications as needed.
- When you prepare for a large disaster or other emergency, you are ready for any small-scale event that may come along.
Finally, PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE your emergency plan.
Note: This is a suggested guideline for the animal owner. IT IS NOT ALL-INCLUSIVE. Use it and add to it as you need for your own animals. If you begin to use these guidelines, you will remember our forgotten victims of disasters and community emergencies.
Special thanks to the Skagit County Humane Society for ideas, and tips, and the WSU Livestock Advisor program for its expertise.
WSU/Skagit Cooperative Extension
306 South First
Mount Vernon, Washington 98273
Phone: (360) 428-4270
Cooperative Extension programs and employment are
available to all without discrimination.