For Livestock And Companion Animals
animals are the forgotten victims of community emergencies.
Mike Hackett, Animal Scientist
WSU/Skagit County Cooperative Extension
Steps to Emergency
- List the potential hazards in your neighborhood
or on your farm, and in the community.
- Get familiar with the types of disasters that
may happen...power failure,earthquake, flood, blizzard/arctic freeze, hazardous
material spill, volcanic eruption.
- Make a plan of action. You may be isolated,
on your own, for a week or more. Survey your property to find the best location
to confine your animals for any type of emergency.
- If you must evacuate your home or farm, you
need a place to go, and transportation. Plan several routes of escape. Leave
early to beat roadblocks. When an order is given to evacuate, you need to
- If you have a stock trailer, or pickup with
livestock racks, keep them serviced and always keep the gas tank at least
half-full. Train your animals to lead easily day or night, by you, other
family members or even a stranger in case youve already evacuated.
- Which animals need to leave first? Determine
the order of evacuation. If you need to leave any behind, how will they survive?
need to carry an I.D.!!
Identification methods for livestock and
companion animals would be the following:
- Permanent identification includes: hot-or freeze-brand, tattoo,
ear tag, microchip, license, collar ID tag, etc.
- Photographs (hard-copy or on your computer) of front, rear and both
side views. A good idea is to include yourself with your animal(s) in these photos.
- Include breed, registration if appropriate, sex, markings, color, and
age. Keep a copy of these records in a safe place. Remember that in many disasters, some
pets and livestock evacuated or rescued quickly are not reunited with their owners due to
lack of ability to prove ownership through identification.
- Temporary identification methods can be used in an imminent emergency
such as spray paint, grease pencil, attaching info to a collar or halter to contact you.
Permanent markers also work on hooves, horns and light-colored coats.
ABOVE ALL ELSE, INFORM YOUR FAMILY ABOUT YOUR
EMERGENCY PLANS IN CASE YOU ARE NOT AT HOME WHEN IT HAPPENS! Do a dry run.
prepare an Emergency kit
Livestock owners it is very
important to prepare an emergency kit for the barn and a smaller kit for the stock
trailer. The following things should be part of it:
Emergency supply of feed, roughage, grain supplements, medications
for at least 5-7 days, (two weeks is best).
Companion animal owners prepare a first aid kit and have an
animal carrier on hand.
Stock up on your pets favorite foods. Clean water is a must.
Plan for 5-7 days worth...two weeks is best.
Containers for food and water.
Both livestock and companion animal owners should do the following:
Check with your veterinarian about the following things:
- Dietary Charts for emergency feed and water for livestock.
- What medications/prescriptions should be ordered and ready for two
weeks or more
- Any other supplies that may be needed.
Additional supplies listed on reverse side.
supplies for livestock and companion animals
- Control/restraint devices (leashes, halters, rope, cages/carriers,
- Blanket, leg wraps, shampoo, and brushes (to remove toxic
- Animal first aid book/supplies.
- Portable radio, flashlight, extra batteries.
- Hammer, wire cutters, pliers, sharp knife.
- Tarps, shovel.
- Gloves, bandana, face mask.
- Records, records, records
..especially medical records. Current
vaccinations, medications and dosages, special feeding instructions. Insurance information
- Phone numbers, especially the family/farm veterinarian and the
alternate vet, farrier, animal control, WSU Cooperative Extension, friends, and other
- Additional items as you think of them.
Special Note: Consider leaving a signed and notarized
medical release form with your family veterinarian.
Visit with neighbors and
develop an emergency plan
- List the resources among you (arena, stalls, cages, pens, corrals,
generator, trailers, tractors, veterinary/animal science experience.
- Set up a buddy system in case one of you is away
if a disaster strikes.
- Review your plans at least yearly, and when you get a new farm
animal or pet. Rotate/replace stored emergency feed and water every 3 months for
freshness. Rotate/replace expired prescription and over-the-counter medications as needed.
- When you prepare for a large disaster or other emergency, you are
ready for any small-scale event that may come along.
Finally, PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE your emergency plan.
Note: This is a suggested guideline for the animal owner. IT
IS NOT ALL-INCLUSIVE. Use it and add to it as you need for your own animals. If you
begin to use these guidelines, you will remember our forgotten victims of disasters and
Special thanks to the Skagit County Humane Society for ideas, and
tips, and the WSU Livestock Advisor program for its expertise.
WSU/Skagit Cooperative Extension
306 South First
Mount Vernon, Washington 98273
Phone: (360) 428-4270
Cooperative Extension programs and employment are
available to all without discrimination.